Legislation on the Icelandic Institute of Natural History
Act No. 60/1992 on the Icelandic Institute of Natural History defines the role of the IINH and nature centres in Iceland, cf. Reg. No. 229/1993.
Other legislation on the IINH's role and duties:
Article 4 of Act no. 64/1994 on the protection, conservation and hunting of birds and wild mammals charges the IINH with researching wild birds and wild mammals and providing advice as to the condition and sustainable harvest of stocks that are hunted in Iceland. The IINH alone has the authority to mark wild birds in Iceland; anyone who finds or captures a marked bird is required to bring it to the IINH, along with more detailed information on the find.
Article 7 of the Act on the Protection of Breiðafjörður No. 54/1995 states that the IINH shall work purposefully towards a better understanding of the Breiðafjörður ecosystem through research in order to ensure optimum conservation.
Article 34 of Act No. 57/1998 on the survey and utilisation of ground resources stipulates that the IINH is responsible for monitoring the prospecting and utilisation of microorganisms in geothermal areas. Microorganisms originating in geothermal areas and their genetic matter may not be taken out of Iceland without permission from the IINH. The IINH also determines the specific conditions under which this may take place.
Article 3 of Act No. 49/1997 on protective measures against landslides and avalanches states that the IINH shall collect data on landslides and dangers resulting from them in co-operation with the Icelandic Meteorological Office.
The Nature Conservation Act No. 44/1999 includes provisions on the IINH's role in the protection of sites of natural interest on land and at sea, the establishment of national parks, nature conservation strategy planning, the registering of sites of natural interest and a number of other tasks.
As per the Museum Act No. 106/2001, the director of the Icelandic Institute of Natural History has a seat on the Museum Council of Iceland.