Mineral and Rock Collection
Icelandic rocks and minerals
The IINH strives to maintain a comprehensive collection of all known Icelandic rock and mineral species from various geological formations. The IINH Mineral and Rock Collection also includes samples of rocks and minerals that have been used for industrial purposes in Iceland or have been found. As of August 2010, the Mineral and Rock Collection contained 6,188 mineral samples and 11,086 rock samples.
The Mineral and Rock Collection is divided into the following main collections:
|Rock species||Sveinn Jakobsson|
|Holocene volcanic rock||Sveinn Jakobsson|
|Local collections, Icelandic||Sveinn Jakobsson|
|Local collections, foreign||Sveinn Jakobsson|
IINH employees have been very active in developing these collections and acquiring samples. Public institutions have also donated a considerable number of samples, the University of Iceland in particular. Donations have also been received from private parties. The largest donations to the collection from the time that the Icelandic state assumed responsibility for its operations are the rock collection donated by Axel Kaaber in 1989, which contained a total of 950 samples, and a giant amethyst from Brasil, donated by Brunabótafélag Íslands that same year. Most rock and mineral samples from outside of Iceland have been bought or traded for Icelandic samples.
The Nickel-Strunz Classification System (2001) is used for organising and classifying minerals, while Tröger's system (1969) is taken into consideration in organising rock species.