The IINH disseminates research in the natural sciences in Iceland through scholarly and scientific publications, often in collaboration with other organisations. These include:
- Fjölrit Publication Series: Reports and papers authored by staff and collaborating scientists. Published in Icelandic with English summary and subtitles.
- Acta Botanica Islandica: Scientific journal focusing on the botany of Iceland. Published in English.
- Bliki: Journal on Icelandic birdlife (in cooperation with the Icelandic Rarities Committee, BirdLife Iceland, the University of Iceland Institute of Biology, and birdwatchers). Published in Icelandic with English summary and subtitles.
The IINH also publishes Icelandic red lists, annual reports, special research reports and educational material.
The IINH has also been involved in the publishing of a number of natural science magazines and scientific journals, both in English and Icelandic.