Land invertebrates include species of small animals that at some point in their lives live on dry land. Land invertebrate species belong to a lot of different phyla. The IINH's specialists in the field mainly do research on the phylum Arthropoda (arthropods), which is by far the largest phylum and includes insects, arachnids, millipedes and crustaceans.
At the IINH, complex research on land invertebrates is carried out. The most extensive project is based on research into which species of small animals are found in Iceland, what their distribution is like, as well as what their habitat and way of life is like. The colonisation of new species is also monitored and how well they fare. Samples are collected from all over the country from varied conditions. They are sorted into species, put into the institute's scientific collections and information about them is put into a database to make easily accessible for further processing.
Furthermore, scientists at the IINH carry out more specific research projects. These include environmental impact on land invertebrate communities, land invertebrate colonisation and evolution of communities in a new place, colonisation of new species in Iceland and long-term monitoring of butterflies and moths.
Freshwater invertebrate research is mainly carried out elsewhere:
- University of Iceland (Gísli Már Gíslason)
- Natural History Museum of Kópavogur
- Institute of Freshwater Fisheries